Consonant Mutation, Consonant Mutation In Turkish
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Consonant Mutation

Consonant Mutation

Changes in pronunciation and spelling of consonants to preserve phonetics and euphony.

The Voicing of Consonants.

A Voiced Consonant is one where the voice box is used to produce the sound d b are in this category.

An Unvoiced Consonant is where the voice is silent and only air is expelled to produce the sound such as t p.

In certain circumstances changes are made to the spelling of consonants.

If the pronunciation of a consonant changes the spelling also changes to reflect this.

English Consonant Change

There is some consonant mutation in English.

The terminal -y of lady changes to an -ie- in the plural ladies

The terminal -f of knife changes to a -v- in the plural knives.

Turkish has consonant change on a larger scale than English.

  • Turkish Consonant Change: k to ğ and d to t.

  • The main changes that occur in Turkish words is that a terminal -k may change to a  (soft g) when a suffix with a vowel is added.

  • The first letter -d of a suffix may change to a -t adding suffixes to [ç f h k p s ş t]
    geç + dim becomes geçtim [geç-tim] I passed

  • There are also some other minor consonant changes.

[a "gluing together"]

Agglutination a "sticking on to"

The putting together of language particles.

Each expresses a single definite meaning thus forming a new word.

Suffixes add to the word's meaning and / or mark its grammatical function.

ev house becomes evlerden [ev-ler-den] from the houses)

In English there are many words which agglutinate (extend) to form other words.

The word argue can be agglutinated to argument by sticking on a -ment suffix.

Further suffixes: -ative giving argumentative
-ly suffix to formargumentatively.

This is the way of Turkish. Words like "in, from, at" are suffixed to nouns to produce an extended word.

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