Turkish Grammar Characteristics of Turkish
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Turkish Grammar Characteristics of Turkish


Turkish Grammar Characteristics of Turkish

  • Vowel Harmony:
    [echoing previous vowel]
    The vowels of suffixes must mirror the final vowel of the root word being suffixed.

  • Consonant Mutation:
    [consonant change]
    Spelling changes are made to preserve phonetic euphony with actual pronunciation.
    English has some consonant change but not for the same reasons.

  • Agglutination:
    [word suffixation.]
    Suffixes are attached to the end of nouns indicating position and movement

  • Verbs:
    are suffixed with tense and person.

  • The Possessive Relationship:
    [gentitive ownership]
    Both the "possessor" and "possessed" are suffixed.




About Turkish Grammar

Turkish Grammar is Regular there no exceptions.

It differs in both grammatical structure and vocabulary from the Indo European Group, English, Spanish, French.



The Turkish Alphabet:

Voice sounds are separated into two main groups, consonants and vowels.

When there is no obstacle to a voice then the sound is called a vowel.


  • Consists of twenty-one consonants and eight vowels.

  • The Turkish alphabet is phonetic as each letter always retains it own sound.

  • In English the sound of the letters can change: a does in fat, fate, fare

  • Turkish has no such pronunciation change to letters of the alphabet.

  • Letter Y is considered as a consonant in Turkish.




Turkish Adjectives:

Adjectives and adjectival phrases precede their noun and do not agree in number.

Turkish is a descriptive language : adjectives abound.

If Turkish can make something into an adjective then it will do so.

Being an descriptive language an adjective or adjectival phrase always preceded its noun:

kara kedi a black cat as in English.

Turkish makes great use of adjectival phrases and clauses to describes nouns, actions and thoughts.

In English we may say:

The black cat with the long tail which is sitting on the mat looks hungry.

Turkish describes the cat not only as black, but also where and upon what it is sitting together with any other attributes, such as its long tail:

  • Minderin üstünde oturan uzun kuyruklu kara kedi aç görünüyor.

  • On the mat which-is-sitting long tailed black cat hungry looks.


In Turkish the subject and object are described adjectivally with regards to place and disposition.

Once all the describing is done, the verb is placed last in the sentence.


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