Turkish Simple Tense Negative

Turkish Simple Tense Negative


Turkish Simple Tense Negative






Turkish Simple Tense Negative

The Simple tense is Used in timeless habitual situations in both the present and the future.

The negative of the Turkish Simple translates as:

  • I don't go to work on Saturdays.

  • We don't keep a pet.

  • They never take a holiday.

  • We'll not see each other for some time.





Turkish Simple Timeless Tense Negative


The simple negative infinitive tense sign is -mez -maz suffixed to the verb stem:

  • gelmemek →
    [gelme-mek]
    to not come
    gelmez
    does not come.

  • bakmamak →
    [bakma-mak]
    not to look
    bakmaz
    does not look




Simple Tense Negative Conjugation


The Simple Tense Negative Infinitive gitmeznot to go

First Person Singular and Plural drop the final -z of the negative infinitive.

  • gitmemI don't go
    [NOT gitmezim]

  • gitmezsinyou don't go

  • gitmezhe doesn't go

  • gitmeyizwe don't go
    [NOT gitmeziz]

  • gitmezsinizyou don't go

  • gitmezlerthey don't go





Turkish Simple Negative Examples



  • Beni tanımazsınız.
    You don't know me.

  • Beni tanımaz mısınız?
    Don't you know me?

  • O bira içmez.
    He doesn't drink beer.
    [generally?]

  • Mehmet, bira(yı) içmez mi?
    Doesn't Mehmet drink (the) beer?

  • O birayı içmez.
    He doesn't drink the beer.

  • Mehmet bira içmez mi?
    Doesn't Mehmet drink beer (at all)?

  • Onun hakkında konuşmayız.
    We don't talk about it.

  • Genellikle bir şapka giymez misiniz?
    Don't you generally wear a hat?

  • Televizyonu seyretmezler.
    They don't watch the television.
    [in particular]

  • Televizyon seyretmezler
    They don't watch television
    [generally]


 



Turkish Negative Interrogative Simple Tense


The interrogative is formed by adding the personalized question particles after -maz -mez

The question is written separately, but follows vowel harmony rules.



Simple Tense Negative Question Form















































Negative Infinitive Negative Question
bakmamak not to look bakmaz mıyım? don't I look?
kalmamak not to stay kalmaz mısın? don't you stay?
bitirmemek not to finish bitirmez mi? doesn't he finish?
yazmamak not to write yazmaz mıyız? don't we write?
koşmamak not to run koşmaz mısınız? don't you run?
yürümemek not to walk Yürümezler mi? don,t they walk?

For first person bakmaz mıyım? conversational Turkish can say bakmam mı?



Turkish Simple Tense Negative Questions



  • Her gün saat beşte seni görmez miyim?
    Don't I see you every day at five o'clock?

  • Londra'da oturmaz mısınız?
    Don't you live in London?

  • Ali bey bir bankada çalışmaz mi?
    Doesn't Ali Bey work in a bank?

  • Hepimiz bir parti sevmez miyiz?
    Don't we all love a party?




Turkish: Saying didn't use to…


Simple Tense Past Negative :
The meaning is habitual in the past.

This translated by didn't use to… in English.

  • Sık sık buraya gelmezdim.
    I didn't use to come here very often

  • Genç iken o kadar gülmezdin.
    You didn't use to laugh very much when you were young.

  • Kuşadada kalırken denizde yüzmezdi.
    He never used to swim in the sea when staying at Kuşadası.

  • Derslerimiz bittikten sonra yerterli zaman için beni beklemezdiniz.
    You didn't use to wait long enough for me after our lessons had finished.

  • Tatilde kamp yaparken o kadar iyi uyumazdılar.
    They didn't use to sleep very well while on holiday while camping.




Turkish Question didn't you use to?



  • Gitmez miydim?
    Didn't I use to go?

  • Hatice'yi sevmez miydin?
    Didn't you use to love Hatice?

  • Ummaz mıydı?
    Didn't he use to hope?

  • Açmaz mıydık?
    Didn't we use to open

  • Kazmaz mıydınız?
    Didn't you use to dig?

  • Soğan satmaz mıydılar?
    Didn't they use to sell onions?


Soğan is not in the direct object case nor is it plural in Turkish,

It is a non-specific object of the family of "onion".

In Turkish "things is" and "people are"

  • Çıkmaz mıydılar?
    Didn't they use to go out?

  • Her gün seni görmez miydim?
    Didn't I use to see you every day?

  • Bıkmaz mıydık?
    Didn't we use to get fed up?

  • Londra'da oturmaz mıydın?
    Didn't you use to live in London?

  • oturmak means to sit [down]
    OR to reside [at a place]

  • Ali İstanbul'da oturur
    Ali lives in Istanbul.

  • Atlara binmez miydiniz?
    Didn't you use to ride horses?


In conversational Turkish the past imperfect Tense will often be used for didn't use to

  • Yıllar önce Manisa'da çalışıyordum.
    Many years ago I was working in Manisa.




Turkish Proverbs Atasözler


Turkish Proverbs are usually written in the simple habitual tense.

These examples are the negative form of the timeless tense.

  • Boş çuval ayakta durmaz.
    An empty sack does stand up.

  • Mum dibine ışık vermez.
    The bottom of a candle sheds no light.

  • Havlayan köpek ısırmaz.
    A barking dog does not bite.

  • Küçük suda büyük balık olmaz.
    There are no big fish in small pools.

  • Yuvarlanan taş yosun tutmaz.
    A rolling stone gathers no moss.



Güncelleme Tarihi: 21 Mart 2018, 13:55
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