Turkish Spatials: here and there

Turkish Spatials: here and there

Turkish Spatials: here and there

The suffix -re- -ra- means place or place of..

nerede? → Where?
[Lit: ne-re-de "what-place-at"]

Similarly the Turkish demonstratives:

bu şu o this, that, that (yonder) →
are suffixed with -ra- "place of" to form the basic spatials:

  • bura here
    [LIT: this place]

  • şura there
    [LIT: that place]

  • ora that yonder
    [LIT: that place over there]

These words are seldom used in this pure form.

They are suffixed to show where, from, to, towards,

Forming Turkish Extended Spatials

Turkish Spatials - Static Position

Static Position Suffix: [locative] -de/-da in, on, at forms Basic Locatoion: →

  • Turkish singular specific place:

  • burada here
    [Lit: bu-ra-da "this-place-at"]

  • şurada there

  • orada over there

  • nerede? where?

  • The plural is spatially more vague:

  • buralarda hereabouts, around here

  • şuralarda thereabouts, around there

  • oralarda thereabouts over there, around about over there

  • nerelerde? whereabouts?

Turkish Spatials - Movement Away.

  • Adding the Movement Away Suffix [ablative] -dan / -den from →

  • buradan from here

  • şuradan from there

  • oradan from there

  • nereden? where from?

  • The plural is spatially more vague

  • buralardan from hereabouts, from around here

  • şuralardan from thereabouts

  • oralardan from thereabouts (distant)

  • nerelerden? from whereabouts?

Turkish Spatials - Movement Toward

  • Adding the Movement Toward suffix [dative] -a/-e to, towards ⇒

  • buraya to here

  • şuraya to there

  • oraya to there

  • nereye? where to?

  • The plural is spatially more vague

  • buralara to hereabouts

  • şuralara to around there

  • oralara to thereabouts

  • nerelere? to whereabouts?

Turkish Spatial Conditions

  • All the various Noun Conditions can be used to extend the spatials.

  • bura(sı) here

  • burayı here (obj.)

  • buraya to here

  • burada at here

  • buradan from here

  • buranın belonging to here, of here

  • buralar hereabouts

  • bura(sı)yla with this place here

  • The same is also valid for şura(sı), ora(sı) and also interrogative nere(si)?

Turkish Spatial Examples

  • Buralarda bir güzel restoran var mı? Is there a good restaurant around here?

  • Buraya gel! Come [to] here!

  • Oradan yeşil bir araba geldi. A green car came from over there.

  • Şurada büyük bir otel var. There is a big hotel there.

şura has a diminutive form in widspread use:

  • şuracık → just here / just there

  • Şuracıkta gazeteyi koyun. Put the newspaper just there / here.

  • There are similar forms for:

  • bura → buracık this just here

  • ora → oracık. that just over there

  • These forms in use, but not as much as şuracık

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